I. Wealth

A. Old Testament - Formula, 1st, 2nd, 3rd tithes and offerings

1.I give to the Levites all the tithes of Israel as their inheritance (Num. 18:21)

2.Levites give a tithe of the tithe (Num 18:26) To be of the very best, verse 29

3.Israel keeps a tithe for certain holy days (Deu 14:23)

4.Third year tithe for Levites, widows, and orphans (Deu 26:12)

B. New Testament Change in Emphasis

1. No longer to the Levites exclusively. Paul was of the tribe of Benjamin.

2. Less a matter of duty and more a matter of love and respect. (Mat 23:23 NIV) "Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You give a tenth of your spices--mint, dill and cummin. But you have neglected the more important matters of the law--justice, mercy and faithfulness. You should have practiced the latter, without neglecting the former.

3. Poor and down trodden as well as widows and orphans. (Luke 14:13 NIV) But when you give a banquet, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame, the blind. (Gal 2:10 NIV) All they asked was that we should continue to remember the poor, the very thing I was eager to do.

II. Good and bad things - Godly things are good things

A. Compliment/Flattery

B. Handup/Handout

C. Understanding/Lecturing

D. Wisdom/Knowledge/Dictation

E. Making amends/Holding a grudge

III. Good and bad ways

A. Timely/Lately - set aside a sum at beginning of each week without a need for asking to be done (1 Cor 16:2)

B. Freely/Under compulsion (2 Cor 8:12)

C. Lovingly/Grudgingly (2 Cor 9:5)

D. Cheerfully/Reluctantly (2 Cor 9:7)

E. Secretly/For recognition (Mat. 6:1-4)

F. Stewardship

IV. To whom

A. To God A church held a worship service patterned after those in Colonial America. The pastor dressed in a long coat and knickers, and the congregation was divided by gender: men on the left side of the aisle and women on the right.

At collection time, the pastor announced that this, too, would be done in the old way. He asked the "head of the household" to come forward and place the money on the altar. The men instantly rose. To the amusement of the entire congregation, many of them crossed the aisle to get the money from their wives.

1.Love by Prayer, Faith, Praise, Acknowledgment, Righteous living, and ...

B. To People - The least of these (Matt. 25:40-46)

1. Good deeds, generously (1 Tim. 6:18) (Gal. 6:9-10)

2. Sharing (Heb. 13:16 and 1 Jn. 3:17)

3. Justice (Prov. 18:5)

4. Compassion (Col. 3:12) Therefore, as God's chosen people, holy and dearly loved, clothe yourselves with compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience.

5. Joy (Luke 16:16) The good news of Christ and His kingdom

6. Love (Jn. 13:35, As disciples)

7. Story of nursing home - Time counts

i. Touch

ii. Listen

V. Quantity

A. As God provides

1. We have different gifts, according to the grace given us. If a man's gift is prophesying, let him use it in proportion to his faith. If it is serving, let him serve; if it is teaching, let him teach; if it is encouraging, let him encourage; if it is contributing to the needs of others, let him give generously; if it is leadership, let him govern diligently; if it is showing mercy, let him do it cheerfully. (Rom. 12:6-9)

2. In keeping with your means (1 Cor 16:2)

3. As you sow, so shall you reap (2 Cor. 9:6)

4. 168 hours per week

i. 50 hours work leaves 118 hours

ii. 58 hours sleep leaves 60 hours

iii. 10% of 60 hours = 6 hours of giving required per week

iv. God gave us the Sabbath

1.     (Num 18:21 NIV) "I give to the Levites all the tithes in Israel as their inheritance in return for the work they do while serving at the Tent of Meeting.

2.     (Num 18:26-29 NIV) "Speak to the Levites and say to them: 'When you receive from the Israelites the tithe I give you as your inheritance, you must present a tenth of that tithe as the Lord's offering. {27} Your offering will be reckoned to you as grain from the threshing floor or juice from the winepress. {28} In this way you also will present an offering to the LORD from all the tithes you receive from the Israelites. From these tithes you must give the Lord's portion to Aaron the priest. {29} You must present as the Lord's portion the best and holiest part of everything given to you.'

3.     (Deu 16:16-17 NIV) Three times a year all your men must appear before the LORD your God at the place he will choose: at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Weeks and the Feast of Tabernacles. No man should appear before the LORD empty-handed: {17} Each of you must bring a gift in proportion to the way the LORD your God has blessed you.

4.     (Deu 26:12 NIV) When you have finished setting aside a tenth of all your produce in the third year, the year of the tithe, you shall give it to the Levite, the alien, the fatherless and the widow, so that they may eat in your towns and be satisfied.

5.     (1 Cor 16:2 NIV) On the first day of every week, each one of you should set aside a sum of money in keeping with his income, saving it up, so that when I come no collections will have to be made.

6.     (2 Cor 8:12 NIV) For if the willingness is there, the gift is acceptable according to what one has, not according to what he does not have.

7.     (2 Cor 9:5-7 NIV) So I thought it necessary to urge the brothers to visit you in advance and finish the arrangements for the generous gift you had promised. Then it will be ready as a generous gift, not as one grudgingly given. {6} Remember this: Whoever sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and whoever sows generously will also reap generously. {7} Each man should give what he has decided in his heart to give, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver.

8.     (Mat 6:1-4 NIV) "Be careful not to do your 'acts of righteousness' before men, to be seen by them. If you do, you will have no reward from your Father in heaven. {2} "So when you give to the needy, do not announce it with trumpets, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and on the streets, to be honored by men. I tell you the truth, they have received their reward in full. {3} But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, {4} so that your giving may be in secret. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you.

9.     (Mat 25:40-46 NIV) "The King will reply, 'I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.' {41} "Then he will say to those on his left, 'Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels. {42} For I was hungry and you gave me nothing to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink, {43} I was a stranger and you did not invite me in, I needed clothes and you did not clothe me, I was sick and in prison and you did not look after me.' {44} "They also will answer, 'Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or needing clothes or sick or in prison, and did not help you?' {45} "He will reply, 'I tell you the truth, whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me.' {46} "Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life."

10.  (1 Tim 6:17-19 NIV) Command those who are rich in this present world not to be arrogant nor to put their hope in wealth, which is so uncertain, but to put their hope in God, who richly provides us with everything for our enjoyment. {18} Command them to do good, to be rich in good deeds, and to be generous and willing to share. {19} In this way they will lay up treasure for themselves as a firm foundation for the coming age, so that they may take hold of the life that is truly life.

11.  (Gal 6:9-10 NIV) Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. {10} Therefore, as we have opportunity, let us do good to all people, especially to those who belong to the family of believers.

12.  (Heb 13:16 NIV) And do not forget to do good and to share with others, for with such sacrifices God is pleased.

13.  (1 John 3:17-18 NIV) If anyone has material possessions and sees his brother in need but has no pity on him, how can the love of God be in him? {18} Dear children, let us not love with words or tongue but with actions and in truth.

14.  (Prov 18:5 NIV) It is not good to be partial to the wicked or to deprive the innocent of justice.

15.  (Luke 16:16 KJV) The law and the prophets were until John: since that time the kingdom of God is preached, and every man presseth into it.

16.  (John 13:35 NIV) By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another."

17.  (1 Cor 16:2 NIV) On the first day of every week, each one of you should set aside a sum of money in keeping with his income, saving it up, so that when I come no collections will have to be made.

18.  (2 Cor 9:6 NIV) Remember this: Whoever sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and whoever sows generously will also reap generously.